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When compared to other Languages, on a fundamental level the Mandarin grammar is actually very simple.
no conjugations, no plural forms, no genders and no articles. Whereas the English verb “to know somebody” might have different forms like “knows”, “knew”, “known” etc., the equivalent Chinese verb 认识 (rèn shí) itself always stays the same, regardless of the context.
the first tone (ˉ), the second tone (′), the third tone (ˇ), and the forth tone (‵); because the concept of Tones is not existing in many European Languages including English. The best way to practice the tones is to listen carefully and to repeat the words and sentences.
countable nouns, to express or to emphasize plural or numeral, various measure words, such as 个 (gè/measure word for general use), and For example, 女人 (nǚ rén) can be understood as 'a/one woman' or 'women (female)'. 个 (gè/ measure word for vehicle) is a measure word for general use. Since Chinese doesn't have articles, ‘a woman’ is equal to ‘one woman’, in Chinese it is 一个女人; ‘three women' is 三个女人. Chinese words (whether nouns or verbs) never change their form. Additional information (e.g. tenses, plural etc.) is conveyed by adding additional words (e.g. tense makers and measure words). Present Progressive Tense Example: nà gè nǚ rén zhàn zhe Past tense 了 (le) 那匹马跳了. nà pǐ mǎ jiāng yào tiào. follows the noun 这件蓝色的衬衫是新的. two adjectives
Now that we already learned how to use nouns, in order to make complete sentences, we need to know about verbs.
Now that we have learned our first sentence, let me explain a little about the standard word order.
The horse jumped.
Future tense is indicated by Example:
The blue shirt is new.
Chinese words (whether nouns or verbs) never change their form. Additional information (e.g. tenses, plural etc.) is conveyed by adding additional words (e.g. tense makers and measure words).
Present Progressive Tense
nà gè nǚ rén zhàn zhe
了 (le)– (article for past tense) which is placed after the verb.
nà pǐ mǎ jiāng yào tiào.
follows the noun.
two adjectivesfollowing the noun shirt ‘衬衫 (chèn shān)’:
2) 新的 (xīn de) indicates that the shirt is new.
这 (zhè) refers to the place of the shirt (like the English word 'this').
一个 婴 儿 在 车 里面
A baby is in a car.
Are you well? /How are you?
nà gè nǚ rén zài zuò shén me?
To answer this question, we just need to 做什么 and replace with the answer: 那个女人在烹饪 (nà gè nǚ rén zài pēng rèn/[That woman is cooking]). As you noticed, the order of the rest of the words in the sentence remain the same.
Where is the boy?
在 (zài) is also used since the question asks for a This example shows you how to construct a what 什么 (shén me / what) question. 那辆汽车是什么颜色的? noun 白色的屋子 hēi sè de qì chē 那个女人在吃什么? 那
What color is the car?
Have a look at the following a bit different example of a What question.
What is the woman eating?
noun, for example 白色 (bái sè/[white]), and 黑色 (hēi sè/[black]); and as an When these words are used as an adjective, they are played behind these words of color.
hēi sè de qì chē
那(nà)’; measure word is needed in front of the noun.
Negative Statements front of verbs /adjective
front of verbs /adjective. When (bù) is followed by a last tone word, e.g. 是 (shì/ [yes]),
不是 is read as ‘bùshì / [be not]’, instead of ‘bùshì’.
This telephone is not red, it's black.
Please pass me the spoon!
请 (qǐng) which starts the sentence and corresponds to the English 'please'. 把 [adverb] sentence is quite complicated.
Sindarin To English Translator Tolkien
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