Albania is defined in an area of 28,748 km 2 (11,100 sq mi) and is located on the Balkan Peninsula in South and Southeast Europe. Its shoreline faces the Adriatic Sea to the northwest and the Ionian Sea to the southwest along the Mediterranean Sea. Albania lies between latitudes 42° and 39° N, and longitudes 21° and 19° E. Routledge & CRC Press are imprints of Taylor & Francis. Together they are the global leader in academic book publishing for the humanities, social sciences, and STEM.

  1. Albania 2019 2020 Kits Empty Spaces The Blog 2016
  2. Albania 2019 2020 Kits Empty Spaces The Blog 2017

Healthy Space Sdn. Bhd. is an enterprise in Malaysia, with the main office in Kota Kinabalu. It operates in the Health Care and Social Assistance industry. The enterprise was incorporated on February 24, 2011.

Lorong Buah Langsat 2, Inanam Jaya, Jalan Tuaran Inanam
Kota Kinabalu; Sabah; Postal Code: 88450

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Purchase the Healthy Space Sdn. Bhd. report to view the information.
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February 24, 2011

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(Redirected from 2019 Albanian political crisis)
2019–2020 Albanian political crisis
Date16 February 2019 – present
(1 year, 11 months and 3 days)
Caused by
  • Suspected vote buying in the 2017 Albanian parliamentary election[1]
  • Corruption[2]
  • Organized crime in the government[3]
  • Raising wages
  • Removal of Edi Rama and the Socialist Party
  • Democratic Elections
  • Protests
  • Blocking traffic
  • Rioting
  • Vandalism
  • Ongoing
Lead figures
Lulzim Basha
Opposition Leader
Edi Rama
Prime Minister of the Republic of Albania

Starting from 16 February 2019, the opposition parties organized a series of protests and rallies against the government to demand new elections and the formation of a technocrat government that would ensure the fairness of the electoral process, citing electoral fraud and corruption in the government as the main reasons for the need for change.

The opposition coalition consists of the Democratic Party of Albania, the Socialist Movement for Integration, the Party for Justice, Integration and Unity, the Republican Party and other minor opposition parties. After the first protests opposition MPs decided to resign in mass from parliament.


Following a 6-month boycott period, the opposition parties returned to parliament in January and announced mass protests to be held against the Rama Government. Meanwhile, the government was reshuffled as an aftermath of the student protests.

In a similar rhetoric as in 2017 the opposition coalition accused the government of corruption and electoral fraud. The first nationwide protest was announced on 16 February 2019 in Tirana. Prior to that, the State Police issued a warning about the presence of criminal elements in the protest which was condemned as a form of intimidation by the opposition coalition.[4]

Protests and mass resignation[edit]

On 16 February 2019, opposition supporters from different cities gathered in Tirana demanding new elections and the resignation of the Rama Government. The protest turned violent as there were clashes with the police and use of tear gas and water cannon against the protesters. Some of them tried to enter the Prime Minister's Office as they broke through police ranks.[5] Thousands of opposition supporters attended the protest that was considered as being one the biggest protests that the country had seen in years.[6]

In the aftermath, the opposition parties announced that all their MPs in the parliament would resign from the parliament in an unprecedented act. On 22 February 2019 another protest was announced outside the parliament's building, while other MPs were attending the plenary session. The peaceful demonstration culminated in a march led by opposition leader Lulzim Basha and members of the opposition parties in the parliament, to hand over signed statements giving up their parliamentary seats and demanding fresh elections.[7] More than 40 seats were vacated and the Central Elections Commission started in the following days the procedures to replace the MPs with mostly unknown and inexperienced figures that were part of the candidate lists during the 2017 election.

Stardew valley patch download gog. Some MPs from opposition parties refused to resign their mandate, among them the daughter of one of the founders of the Democratic Party, Rudina Hajdari.

On 16 March 2019, another big demonstration was announced. It started outside the Prime Minister's Office building and continued outside the parliament, where once again protesters clashed with police and water cannons and tear gas were used to controlling the situation.[8]

Another big protest was called on 18 April 2019, this time in the afternoon. In the days prior to the protest, the two main opposition parties have refused to enlist in the local elections of 30 June, signaling a boycott.[9]

Boycotting local elections[edit]

The opposition parties decided to boycott the local elections previously set to be held on 30 June.

Wiretap scandal[edit]

Wiretaps part of an investigation still on process by the prosecution office in Albania, were released by Bild on June, where government and socialist party officials were taped dealing with vote buying and forcing people to vote for the Socialist Party in the elections of Dibra. Among the officials in the tapes was also the Prime Minister Edi Rama, former minister of Energy Damian Gjiknuri and former minister of interior Saimir Tahiri.[10][11]



After the protest of 16 February turned violent, the US Embassy in Tirana issued a press statement condemning the violence and destruction. Other foreign embassies issued similar statements condemning the violence and calling for political dialogue to solve the situation.

The mission of OSCE in Albania called the instigators and the perpetrators to 'bear the responsibility for the incidents'.[6]

Following the mass resignation of the opposition MPs, the European Union condemned the extreme action through a joint statement issued by the EU Diplomatic Chief Federica Mogherini and Enlargement Commissioner Johannes Hahn, considering the acts as counterproductive and against the democratic choice of Albanian citizens, undermining progress in the path to accessing the European Union and hindering the functioning of democracy in Albania.[7][12]

Protests in 2020[edit]

A protest movement erupted in May after the demolition of a theatre. Police dispersed the demonstrators with tear gas and pepper spray. Another movement erupted in December after a shooting of a man. Tear gas was fired to disperse protesters while protests dwindled.


Albania 2019 2020 Kits Empty Spaces The Blog 2016

  1. ^'Albanian Electiongate: Wiretaps Reveal Collusion Between Crime Boss, Ministers, MPs and Police'. 2019-06-19.
  2. ^'Albania Corruption Report'. GAN Integrity.
  3. ^'Courts, cannabis, corruption: Albania struggles against old demons'. France 24. 2019-06-18.
  4. ^Erebara, Gjergj. 'Albania Opposition Prepares Big Rally Against 'Government of Thugs''. Balkans Insight. Retrieved 2019-03-25.
  5. ^'Clashes with police in Albanian opposition rally'. TRT World. trtworld. Retrieved 2019-03-25.
  6. ^ ab'Protests Against Rama's Government Turn Violent in Albania'. BalkanInsight. Retrieved 2019-03-25.
  7. ^ ab'Albanian opposition in mass resignation move to demand fresh elections'. Euronews. Retrieved 2019-03-25.
  8. ^Semini, Llazar. 'Albanian anti-govt protesters try to storm parliament'. Washington Post. Retrieved 2019-03-25.
  9. ^'Albania Opposition Urges Protesters to Topple 'Illegitimate' PM'. 2019-04-12.
  10. ^'Wahlmanipulation in Albanien: Ein Staat versinkt im Mafia-Sumpf'.
  11. ^'Wahl-Manipulation in Albanien - Abhör-Bänder belegen: Regierung manipulierte Wahl'.
  12. ^'Statement by High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini and Commissioner Johannes Hahn on the latest developments in Albania'. EEAS. The European External Action Service. Retrieved 2019-03-25.

Albania 2019 2020 Kits Empty Spaces The Blog 2017

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