|Born||1958 (age 62–63)|
Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
|Residence||New Delhi, India|
New York City, New York, USA
Saratoga, California, USA
|Alma mater||The Doon School|
The Wharton School
|Occupation||Consultant, Management expert|
|Employer||McKinsey & Company, Inc.|
|Known for||Knowledge Process Outsourcing|
Business Process Outsourcing
|Salary||$ 5 - 10 million + (estimate)|
|Net worth||$ 50 - 100 million + (estimate)|
|Title||(Former) Senior Partner and Chairman, Asia Center|
|Criminal charge||conspiracy (one count)|
securities fraud (one count)
|Criminal penalty||probation (2012-2014)|
|Criminal status||pleaded guilty|
(cooperated in US v. Rajaratnam; cooperated in US v. Gupta)
Anil Kumar (born 1958) was a top senior partner and director at management consultancy McKinsey & Company, where he co-founded McKinsey's offices in Silicon Valley and India and created its Internet practice (representing a quarter of McKinsey's business at the time) among others. Kumar is additionally the co-founder of the Indian School of Business with Rajat Gupta and the creator of two different kinds of outsourcing. He graduated from IIT Bombay in India, Imperial College in the UK, and The Wharton School in the US.
The principals are Anil Kumar Mirmira from Katy TX, Lokendra Babu Veerapaneni from Katy TX, Padmanabharao Chapa from Katy TX, Sameer Vilas Thorat from Katy TX, Sanjay Nimai Dutta from Katy TX, Sindura Reddy Janga from Katy TX, Sridhar Reddy Pagidi from Katy TX, and Sridhar Thota from Katy TX. Kadapa: Anil Kumar, assumed charge as Kadapa Collector on Monday. He said farmers’ problems, ensuring proper drinking water supply, implementation of a Citizen’s Charter, government programmes and schemes would be top on his list of priorities.
In 2010 he pleaded guilty to insider trading in a dramatic “descent from the pinnacle of the business world.” He was the government's first cooperator and most important witness “in two of the most important securities fraud trials in history” against close friends and business partners Raj Rajaratnam, the billionaire founder of the Galleon Group family of hedge funds, and Rajat Gupta, the former head of McKinsey and Company and a board member of Goldman Sachs and Procter and Gamble. Rajaratnam and Gupta were both convicted in separate high-profile criminal trials. He was sentenced in 2012 by JudgeDenny Chin to two years of probation in exchange for testimony against former friends Rajanatram and Gupta. Chin stated that “greed wasn't the motive in [Kumar's] case” and that “this was aberrational conduct .. Mr. Kumar has led a law-abiding and productive life.” Federal prosecutors called Kumar “one of the best and most important cooperating witnesses” they had ever worked with.
In 2015, an investigation noted that Mr. Kumar had illegally collected funds from insider trading in offshore accounts in the name of his domestic worker, Manju Das. The investigation alleged that Ms. Das had no knowledge of these accounts, which were created with identity documents falsified by Mr. Kumar; and that Mr. Kumar had paid Ms. Das far below minimum wage for several years in violation of US law. Ms. Das now lives in extreme poverty in India.
Kumar graduated first in his class from The Doon School, an elite high school in India, and ranked among the top 100 students across India for admission to the competitive Indian Institute of Technology colleges. He graduated third in his class from IIT Bombay with a degree in mechanical engineering, writing a thesis on renewable energy. Kumar attended Imperial College at the University of London on “the equivalent of the Rhodes scholarship” sponsored by Cecil Rhodes'sDe Beers Company. He became the first student to complete Imperial's two-year course in applied mechanics in 10 months, and also graduated first in his class. Kumar attended business school at the Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania with a self-designed major on the management of technology and international business.
Kumar was a “star senior partner,” and “one of McKinsey’s most senior employees [and] brightest stars.” He co-founded McKinsey's offices in Silicon Valley and India and created and led the Firm's business in three different areas of Internet companies (representing 25-30% of McKinsey's worldwide revenues at its peak), outsourcing, and intrapreneurship. He was the protégé of former chief executive Rajat Gupta, though was blamed for the collapse of McKinsey's e-commerce initiatives after the dot-com collapse and never ran in the elections for managing partner (chief executive). Gupta and Kumar also co-founded the Indian School of Business in Hyderabad, India.
Kumar began his career at Hewlett Packard as a product manager before joining McKinsey and Company in 1986 as one of the earliest Indian-Americans at the consultancy. In 1988 he co-founded McKinsey's offices in Silicon Valley with a partner, growing the office “from two people to approximately 35” by 1992. In 1993 as a partner he founded McKinsey's office in New Delhi, which along with the Mumbai office co-founded the consultancy in India. In India he pioneered the concepts of Knowledge Process Outsourcing and Business Process Outsourcing and became the protégé of then-managing director (chief executive) Rajat Gupta. Kumar returned to the United States to found and lead McKinsey's Internet practice during the dot-com bubble. “Under [Kumar's] leadership, McKinsey's e-commerce practice grew to represent a full 25-30% of the Firm's revenues,” court documents revealed, though Kumar was blamed for the evaporation of this business in the subsequent dot-com collapse. He and Gupta briefly created a program to allow the firm to accept stock in lieu of consulting fees. Kumar was also Chairman of the Knowledge Center and Chairman of the Asia Center. He was a director and corporate officer of the firm. He lived and worked from multiple offices in New Delhi, New York, and Silicon Valley, traveling over thirty thousand miles a month.
He was a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and the Young Presidents' Organization, a founding charter member of TiE, and was the United States chairman of India's largest business lobby, the Confederation of Indian Industry.
Criticism of Kumar centered around his close relationship with Gupta and a perception of arrogance. According to The Financial Times, “the two operated as a forceful double-act to secure business for McKinsey, win access in Washington and build a brotherhood of donors around the Hyderabad-based ISB and a handful of social initiatives.” Also according to the Times, “as much as Mr Kumar was admired for his business ability and sharpness, he also drew fire for what was seen as his arrogance.”
Kumar maintained an intentionally low profile outside McKinsey until an October 2009 arrest in conjunction with an ongoing and wide-ranging US governmental investigation into insider trading. Former mentor Rajat Gupta was later arrested by the FBI in a related case, prompting inquiries into McKinsey’s senior leadership and business model.
As of December 2009, Kumar was no longer at the consultancy. In January 2010 he pleaded guilty to insider trading charges and was “the government’s star witness” in March 2011 against billionaire friend and Galleon Group founder Raj Rajaratnam (United States v. Rajaratnam). In the sprawling case his involvement was unusual; according to a Reuters blog, “He’s the only informant who could be considered even more successful than Raj was, at least professionally if not in terms of raw cash. Raj had money, more money than he really knew what to do with, but Kumar had much more societal acceptance and prestige.”  He settled with the SEC in May 2010 for $2.8 million, the amount after gains he received from Rajaratnam through a Swiss bank account in a domestic worker's name. Gupta, Rajaratnam, and Kumar were all close friends and had founded the $1.3-billion private equity firm New Silk Route together, though Rajaratnam and Kumar withdrew before the firm began operation.
Kumar was represented by the late Robert Morvillo, who had previously led billionaire Martha Stewart’s defense in her own insider trading case.
He testified again as “the Government's key witness” in the May 2012 criminal trial of former mentor Rajat Gupta (United States v. Gupta), where he described the relationships between Gupta, Rajaratnam and himself. To do so was difficult, according to federal prosecutors, “because [Kumar] knew that he could be partially responsible for helping to convict someone with whom he and his family had deep and long-lasting ties.”Bloomberg commented, “When business guru Rajat Gupta and his protégé, Anil Kumar, worked together to expand management consultancy McKinsey & Co in the 1990s, a date in court years later surely was not part of the plan.”
Both Rajaratnam and Gupta were ultimately convicted in separate high-profile criminal trials.
International media, business, and finance industry observers have analyzed extensively Kumar's actions in aiding Rajaratnam. Consensus remains divided on the precise motivators of money, respect, and relationship, with The New York Times asking, “Why would people who seem to have it all — wealth, prestige, powerful jobs and infinite access to others with the same — risk that, and more, to provide inside information to the Sri Lankan-born billionaire?” Rajaratnam's annual payments were estimated at less than 5% of Kumar's annual income (and just 1-2% excluding a one-time bonus), further raising the question of motivation. Prosecutors wondered “why an incredibly bright, highly accomplished, professional consultant, and senior partner at arguably the world’s leading consulting firm, who contributed considerable time to start the Indian School of Business and to other charities, would betray his profession’s core values.” One media source questioned Kumar's sentencing report. Judge Chin would ultimately rule that “greed wasn't the motive in [Kumar's] case.”
Federal prosecutors said “Kumar's testimony was nothing short of devastating. Kumar was credible, precise, and fully corroborated.” In July 2012 he was sentenced by Judge Denny Chin to two years of probation, ending in July 2014.
Kumar co-founded the Indian School of Business with Gupta in 1997, today ranked among the top 15 business schools in the world by The Financial Times. Court documents revealed he personally raised approximately 35% of all money donated to the school and kept a low profile as co-founder: “a large part of the intellectual vision of ISB is in fact Anil's, a point not many outside ISB's leadership will ever be aware of.”
In New Delhi, Kumar helped IIT Delhi double its student body with no increase in costs and was a founding board member of the Bharti Foundation. In San Jose, he served on the boards of the Children's Discovery Museum and San Jose Civic Light Opera.
As of 2012, he was working with the Baylor College of Medicine and Max Healthcare to start a medical university, teaching hospital, and nursing school in India, and also with the Hero Group to start an 8000-person engineering college in India.
Kumar maintained an intentionally low public profile, and according to prosecutors was 'earning significant amounts of money at McKinsey [though] lived relatively modestly, his assets far exceeded his liabilities.' He lived and worked for decades in New Delhi, New York, and Silicon Valley, traveling over thirty thousand miles a month for McKinsey. He had a Manhattan apartment in the Time Warner Center and a house in Saratoga, California. He is married, with one son.
Vinegar is commonly used as an effective head lice treatment, but it is actually often misused.
Most people are told that it will remove both adult lice and head lice eggs. We’ll see that it’s not really true. The problem is, people who sell commercial anti-lice products take advantage of this to say that home remedies for head lice such as vinegar don’t work. This isn’t true, either.
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The truth is that vinegar will not kill adult head lice, because it simply lacks the properties to do so. The acid contained in vinegar might kill nymphs, though, which are young lice that cannot lay eggs yet.
However, vinegar can really help getting rid of head lice eggs, called nits. A vinegar lice treatment combined with careful combing is definitely powerful to get rid of head lice eggs.
But if you also want to kill adult head lice, you’ll have to use another home remedy such as olive oil. Essential oils can also help; see our article on tea tree oil for lice.
So just remember:
Vinegar can help you get rid of nits or head lice eggs.
Vinegar can NOT help you get rid of adult head lice.
The word vinegar derives from the Old French vin aigre, meaning sour wine. Vinegar is the result of two biochemical processes: alcoholic fermentation, which converts natural sugars into alcohol, and acid fermentation, in which microorganisms present in the air we breathe, convert the alcohol into acetic acid.
This acid has antiseptic or germ killing properties. Vinegar usually has an acetic acid concentration of around 5% and is safe to use for head lice.
The acetic acid contained in vinegar will not dissolve the exoskeleton (the protective shell of nits) of lice eggs and therefore will not kill them.
However, it will help loosen the glue that holds the nits to the hair shaft so that the nits will no longer stick to the hair and will be easy to remove with a good nit comb.
You can use different types of vinegar for head lice, such as white vinegar, wine vinegar (red or white), or apple cider vinegar.
1. White vinegar and head lice
White vinegar is distilled vinegar. It is plain acetic acid in water, either as a simple chemical mix (usually very cheap or cleaning grade vinegar) or obtained through fermentation of distilled alcohol. It has usually a 5% acidity level.
This vinegar is harsh and has a sharp flavor. It is cheaper than other types of vinegar, and it can readily be found in most grocery stores.
It may however contain additives and substances that may not be good for our scalp. Please be careful; if you are going to use vinegar on your head or your children’s head, make sure that the product is natural and safe to use.
2. Wine vinegar for head lice
3. Apple cider vinegar
What apple cider vinegar to choose for head lice? Your best bet is to buy an apple cider vinegar which is not filtered, not pasteurized, and made from organic apples. This is because it will most of the time have a 5% acidity level, which is what you want.
A higher concentration would not be so safe to apply to your scalp, and a lower concentration would not be as effective to unglue the nits from your hair.
Vinegar is a natural organic by-product of fruits, vegetables and grains. It is therefore edible and biodegradable.
As long as it has been made naturally, it is perfectly safe for the environment, for family members and around young children. It doesn’t contain harmful toxic chemicals.
But if it has been highly processed and additives or other chemical substances have been used in manufacturing, it may not be safe to use. Please be careful and check with the manufacturer.
Vinegar will sting your eyes if sprayed directly into them, so direct contact with eyes should be avoided.
Warning: if your child has red marks on the scalp or has an irritated scalp (this can happen if the child has been infested for a while or if you have previously used a commercial lice killing shampoo), you want to avoid putting vinegar on the scalp, as it may irritate it too much.
This is a crucial step, so don’t skip it, thinking that the vinegar will do the trick. It will NOT.
It’s all on this page about head lice treatment.