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Swedish Space Corporation
TypeGovernment-owned
IndustrySpace
Founded1972; 49 years ago in Solna, Sweden
Headquarters,
Sweden
Stefan Gardefjord, CEO
Number of employees
506 (2018)
Websitewww.sscspace.com
Swedish Space Corporation - South Point Satellite Station, Hawaii, USA[1]

The Swedish Space Corporation (SSC) provides space subsystems, space and satellite operations, rocket and balloon systems including experiment equipment, launch services, aerospace engineering services as well as airborne maritime surveillance systems. Through its wholly owned subsidiaries ECAPS and NanoSpace, the SSC is also engaged in the development of propulsion systems and micromechanical systems for space applications.

From its facility Esrange Space Center in Northern Sweden, the SSC launches sounding rockets and high-altitude balloons for research in the areas of microgravity, astrophysics, astronomy and atmospheric studies. One notable program during the late 1980s/early 1990s was a joint project with the Society of Japanese Aerospace Companies using SSC's MASER rocket to lift aloft various experiments requiring microgravity environments, at a low cost. This was during a period when U.S. Space Shuttle flights along with associated planned experiments were still being disrupted by the aftermath of the Challenger disaster.

At Esrange SSC operates one of the world's busiest civilian satellite ground stations, communicating with both telecom and scientific satellites. The SSC's facility Stockholm Teleport provides satellite communication services, and the wholly owned German company LSE is specialised in satellite control and ground station services. The SSC runs a global ground station network, PrioraNet, in which its US subsidiary Universal Space Network plays a big part.[citation needed]

On 1 July 2011, the SSC sold its satellite division to the German space company OHB which then formed a Swedish subsidiary named OHB-Sweden.

In February 2013, a government audit was released by the Swedish National Audit Office which concluded that 'Swedish space investment is distributed among multiple organizations that operate as stovepipes with no real communication between them and no common ambition.'[2]While approximately 1 billion SEK(158 million USD) is spent each year on Swedish space initiatives, the audit report calls for additional 'government oversight of the European Space Agency (ESA) and a review of the Swedish Space Corporation's structure and mission.'[2]

The SSC announced on 21 September 2020 that it was not renewing its contract to help operate Chinese satellites from its ground stations, and that it would cease doing business in China altogether.[3]

Scientific satellites developed[edit]

  • Prisma satellites – launched 15 June 2010
  • SMART-1 – launched 27 September 2003
  • Odin – launched 20 February 2001
  • Astrid 2 – launched 10 December 1998
  • Astrid 1 – launched 24 January 1995
  • Freja – launched 6 October 1992
  • Viking – launched 22 February 1986

Telecom satellites project management[edit]

Sweden

Other locations[edit]

SSC Ground Station Network: Gnostic scriptures pdf.

  • Yatharagga Satellite Station – SSC Space Australia
  • Esrange Satellite Station at Esrange Space Center

References[edit]

  1. ^SOUTH POINT SATELLITE STATION
  2. ^ ab'Report Calls for Sweeping Rethink of Swedish Space Spending'. Space News. 14 February 2013. Retrieved 22 March 2013.
  3. ^'Swedish space agency halts new business helping China operate satellites'. Reuters. 21 September 2020. Retrieved 23 September 2020.

External links[edit]

  • Swedish Space Corporation – Official website
  • OHB Sweden – Official website
Retrieved from 'https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Swedish_Space_Corporation&oldid=986596426'
  • Luxembourg has the highest percentage of designated nature space in Europe – 76% of land is protected!
  • Slovenia (72%) and Malta (65%) have the second and third largest protected terrestrial areas
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina place as the country with the smallest percentage of protected natural sites (4%)
  • Germany, Sweden and Switzerland have the largest number of designated areas; although, they don’t cover as much space in km2

2020 was the year of staycations and learning to love the nature that’s around you – The New York Times recently reported a surge of European nature lovers visiting protected areas for the first time. But which country does the best job at protecting their natural sites?

SaveOnEnergy.com/uk analysed almost 80,000 nationally protected terrestrial areas in Europe, calculating the percentage of protected space per country, to discover who makes the biggest attempt to preserve their natural terrene.

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RESULTS

Which country has the highest percentage of protected terrestrial areas?

Thanks to protected sites such as Geopark Mëllerdall and Naturpark Our, SaveOnEnergy.com/uk can reveal that Luxembourg is the European country with the highest percentage of protected land (76%). Luxembourg is one of the smallest countries in Europe (2,586 km2) and is home to just 134 designated areas, but with these areas covering 1,963 km2 they take first place.

In second place is Slovenia, with 72% of their country’s nature being protected, the country has a whopping 1,891 designated areas.

Malta has the third-highest percentage of protected terrestrial land in Europe! Covering 65% of their land, there are 250 sites for locals to enjoy such as Għar Dalam cave, Maqluba and Mdina.

Cyprus (57 designated areas) and Liechtenstein (44 designated areas) place fourth and fifth, as 56% and 45% of their country’s land is protected by legislation.

Top complete the top 10 countries with the highest percentage of protected terrestrial land:

6. Netherlands: 44%

7. UnitedKingdom: 36%

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8. Austria: 33%

9. Poland: 33%

10. Germany: 31%

Which country has the lowest percentage of protected terrestrial areas?

At just 4%, SaveOnEnergy found that Bosnia and Herzegovina is the country with the smallest percentage of protected nature in Europe. Although there are 40 designated sites, they only cover 1,922 km2 of the country’s 192,232 km2 land.

Protecting just 6% of their terrestrial land, Romania places second to last. Despite having many designated areas, such as Dealul Zackel and Cindrel, they aren’t widely spread across the country.

Completing the bottom five are Serbia, Belgium and Portugal, with just 7%, 8% and 9% of their land protected respectively.

Which country has the largest number of protected terrestrial areas?

Germany is home to the most designated terrestrial land! With a whopping 17,654 areas, they top the ranks.

Sweden places in second as 15,254 areas have been protected by legislation in the country.

Following in third, fourth and fifth position are Switzerland with 10,423, the United Kingdom with 9,032 and France with 3,812.

On the other end, SaveOnEnergy.com/uk found that Bosnia and Herzegovina is the country with the smallest number of protected sites – 40. They are followed by Liechtenstein (44), Montenegro (54) and Cyprus (57).

Please see the full blog post for more information: https://www.saveonenergy.com/uk/protected-land-in-european-countries/

Methodology & Notes:

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  1. SaveOnEnergy.com/uk analysed the European Environment Agency’s list of nationally designated areas to discover the total number of designated and respective protected areas in each European country, as of 2020.
  2. They then found the total area of each country to calculate the percentage of protected space per country.
  3. SaveOnEnergy only considered the protected terrestrial areas of each country for this research – ‘marine’, ‘marine and terrestrial’ and ‘heritage’ sites were not included. The sites that spill over into other countries were also removed.

A ‘nationally designated protected area’ is an area protected by national legislation.

Terrestrial protected areas are totally or partially protected areas that are designated by national authorities as scientific reserves with limited public access, national parks, natural monuments, nature reserves or wildlife sanctuaries, protected landscapes, and areas managed mainly for sustainable use.

Estonia, Finland, Ireland and Turkey were removed from the data as EEA does not have permission to distribute some or all sites by the countries.

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