Lesson 8: Keyboard Shortcuts in Windows

  1. The Keyboard Shortcuts Videopsalm Keys
  2. Keyboard Download Free


Keyboard shortcuts in Windows

Keyboard shortcuts are keys or a combination of keys you can press on your keyboard to perform a variety of tasks. Using keyboard shortcuts is often faster than using a mouse because you can keep both hands on the keyboard. Keyboard shortcuts are also universal, which means you can use many of the same shortcuts in a variety of applications. For example, you can use the shortcuts to copy and paste text in a word processor and in a web browser.

Watch the video below to learn more about keyboard shortcuts in Windows.

Keyboard and computer shortcuts are designed to make routine computer functions quicker and easier. The only problem is that many of these have gone unnoticed by the average user. By using simple keyboard and computer shortcuts in the workplace, you can increase your productivity and cut back on the strain caused by repetitive motions. Shortcut keys ABCs. Shortcut keys help provide an easier and quicker method of navigating and executing commands in the computer software. Shortcut keys are performed by using the Alt key (on IBM compatible computers), Command (on Apple computers), Ctrl key, or Shift key in conjunction with another key. Windows keyboard shortcuts: Function: Windows+1, +2, etc.: Switch to the desktop and launch the nth application in the taskbar.For example, +1 launches whichever application is first in the list.

Using shortcuts

Many keyboard shortcuts require you to press two or more keys in a specific order. For example, to perform the shortcut Ctrl+X, you would press and hold the Ctrl key, then press the X key, then release.

You'll use the Ctrl (Control) or Alt key to perform most keyboard shortcuts. You'll find these keys near the bottom-left corner of your keyboard.

Working with text

These keyboard shortcuts are useful when working with text in word processors, email applications, and more. They can help you perform commonly repeated tasks, like copying and pasting text.

  • Ctrl+X: Cut the selected text.
  • Ctrl+C: Copy the selected text.
  • Ctrl+V: Paste the copied or cut text.
  • Ctrl+A: Select all of the text on the page or in the active window.
  • Ctrl+B: Bold the selected text.
  • Ctrl+I: Italicize the selected text.
  • Ctrl+U: Underline the selected text.

Working with files and applications

You can use keyboard shortcuts to open, close, and switch applications. When working with a file, like a Microsoft Word document, shortcuts can be used to createnew files, find words, and print.

  • Ctrl+Alt+Delete: Force an unresponsive or frozen program to quit. This keyboard shortcut opens the Task Manager. You can then select the unresponsive application and close it.
  • Delete: Send a selected file or files to the Recycle Bin.
  • Enter: Open a selected application or file.
  • Ctrl+N: Create a new file.
  • Ctrl+O: Open an existing file.
  • Ctrl+S: Save the current file.
  • Ctrl+Z: Undo the previous action. If you want to redo the action, press Ctrl+Y.
  • Windows key: Open the Start menu (or the Start screen in Windows 8).

Internet shortcuts

Keyboard shortcuts can also be used to navigateyour web browser. Many of the text shortcuts above are also useful online, like the shortcuts for selecting, copying, and pasting text into your web browser's address bar. Note that some of these shortcuts may work a bit differently depending on the web browser you're using.

  • Ctrl+N: Open a new browser window.
  • Ctrl+T:Open a new browser tab.
  • Ctrl+D: Bookmark the current page.
  • Ctrl+B: View bookmarks.
  • Ctrl+J: View recently downloaded files.

Using the Alt key to navigate menus

When you press the Alt key, you will have access to all of the menus in the current application. This means you can perform almost any task with just your keyboard. For example, you can type Alt+F+X to quit an application. When performing these shortcuts, you will not need to hold down the Alt key.

Finding more keyboard shortcuts

The keyboard shortcuts videopsalm shortcut

In many applications, you'll find keyboard shortcuts next to menu items.

In some applications, you may need to hover over a button to display its keyboard shortcut.

If you want to learn even more keyboard shortcuts, review this lesson from our Tech Savvy Tips and Tricks tutorial.


Shortcut keys ABCs

Shortcut keys help provide an easier and quicker method of navigating and executing commands in the computer software. Shortcut keys are performed by using the Alt key (on IBM compatible computers), Command (on Apple computers), Ctrl key, or Shift key in conjunction with another key. The de facto standard for listing a shortcut is listing the modifier key, a plus symbol, and another key. In other words, 'Ctrl+S' is telling you to press and hold the Ctrl, and then press the S at the same time.

You can also find the shortcut keys in popular programs by looking for underlined letters in their menus. For example, the file menu image has an underline on the 'F' in File, which means you can press the Alt key and F key to access the file menu.

Some programs require the user to press and hold Alt to see the underlined characters. In the image above, you can see that some of the common features, such as Open (Ctrl+O) and Save (Ctrl+S), have shortcut keys assigned to them. As you begin to memorize shortcut keys, you'll notice that many applications share them. We have a list of the most commonly shared ones in the basic PC shortcut keys section.


The Keyboard Shortcuts Videopsalm Keys


Non-English versions of Microsoft Windows may not be able to use all of the below shortcut keys.

Basic PC shortcut keys

Below is a list of some of the most commonly used basic shortcut keys that work with IBM compatible computers and software. We highly recommended that all users keep a reference to these shortcut keys or try to memorize them. Doing so will dramatically increase your productivity.


Besides the special character shortcuts listed here, some are also on the number keys (below the F1 - F12 keys). You can enter these special characters by pressing the Shift key and the number key with the special character listed on it.

Shortcut KeysDescription
Alt+FFile menu options in current program.
Alt+EOpen Edit options in current program.
Alt+TabSwitch between open programs.
F1View help information (F1 is used by almost every Windows program to display help).
F2Rename a selected file.
F5Refresh the current program window.
Ctrl+DBookmarks the current page in most Internet browsers.
Ctrl+NCreate a new or blank document in some software, or open a new tab in most Internet browsers.
Ctrl+OOpen a file in the current software.
Ctrl+ASelect all text.
Ctrl+BChange selected text to be bold.
Ctrl+IChange selected text to be in italics.
Ctrl+UChange selected text to be underlined.
Ctrl+FOpen find window for current document or window.
Ctrl+SSave current document file.
Ctrl+XCut selected item.
Shift+DelCut selected item.
Ctrl+CCopy selected item.
Ctrl+InsCopy selected item
Ctrl+YRedo last action.
Ctrl+ZUndo last action.
Ctrl+K Insert hyperlink for selected text.
Ctrl+PPrint the current page or document.
HomeGoes to beginning of current line.
Ctrl+HomeGoes to beginning of document.
EndGoes to end of current line.
Ctrl+EndGoes to end of document.
Shift+HomeHighlights from current position to beginning of line.
Shift+EndHighlights from current position to end of line.
Ctrl+Left arrowMoves one word to the left at a time.
Ctrl+Right arrowMoves one word to the right at a time.
Ctrl+EscOpen the Start menu.
Ctrl+Shift+EscOpen Windows Task Manager.
Alt+F4Close the currently active program.
Alt+EnterOpen the properties for the selected item (file, folder, shortcut, etc.).

PC shortcut keys for special characters

Many special characters can be created using keyboard shortcuts. Below are some of the more common and popular special characters and the keyboard shortcuts to create them.

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Shortcut KeysSpecial Character
Alt+0176° (degree symbol)
Alt+0177± (plus/minus symbol)
Alt+0128(Euro currency)
Alt+0162¢ (Cent symbol)
Alt+0163£ (British Pound currency)
Alt+0165¥ (Japanese Yen currency)

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